Clinical nutrition refers to treating patients diagnosed with acute and chronic diet-related diseases and improving their nutritional status during illness. Its aim is to assess nutritional needs based on family and medical history, laboratory tests and lifestyle and provide patients with advice and recommendations that may help prevent and treat diseases.
Pediatric nutrition considers nutritional needs of infants and children in order to suport their growth and development. Building healthy eating habits should be started at the very young age. Decisions made by parents about feeding their infants and children have serious short- and long-term effects on the kid’s health and may reduce a risk of many infectious and chronic diseases.
Sport nutrition is all about the influence of diet on physical endurance, condition and strenght of sport enthusiasts and professional athletes. Nutritional strategy, adjusted to type of sport discipline, training agenda and general health status is one of the main factors determining sports achievments. It is also important part of supporting body’s regeneration and prevention of sports injuries.
Education about health, lifestyle and nutrition may be defined by combination of learning experiences which aim to help individuals and communities maintain good physical and mental health by increasing their knowledge. It is indispensable part of prevention and treatment of majority of chronic diseases and it should be conducted among people in every age goup, starting from early childhood.